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Dalmatian

Dalmatian

Pattern entered in the FCI register under the number 153a (1966 r.)

Yugoslavia was recognized as the homeland of this breed. This decision was right to surprise in England, for this race apart from the name (it is not known why it was given) has nothing to do with the Balkans. Nor during the period when the country was part of the Ottoman state (do 1718 r.), or later to the Habsburg crown, nor later was there any breeding of these dogs in Yugoslavia. Besides, they were just as unjustifiably called the Bengal hounds (harrier ot Bengal). However, they have been bred in England for over a century, where in a year 1860 have been exhibited in Birmingham and English authors since the beginning of the 19th century. they have mentions and descriptions devoted to them. Much sooner, however, because already in the 17th century, dogs of this type appear in the portraits, of which he is perhaps the most famous (Dresden gallery) portrait of Seibolda, depicting the later Frederick the Great as a child against the background of such a dog. After the First World War, their sport breeding developed in England (w 1925 r. seven exhibits at Cruft's), a year 1927 the club exceeded the number 60 members, and in the year 1930 a record number was reported at one exhibition in Tattersalls 458 pieces. Po drugiej wojnie światowej dwa kluby zrzeszające licznych hodowców i sympatyków tej rasy i pod auspicjami angielskiego Kennel Clubu uzgodniły w roku 1968 angielski standard (nieco odmienny od FCI). Tu też ustalono zamiast masy — wzrost na 23—24 cale, u psa, a 22—23 cale u suki. 1 cal = 2,54 cm

Poza Anglią są one hodowane dość licznie, a nawet są specjalne kluby hodowców tej rasy; amerykański Kennel Club ma własny standard i parę klubów zajmujących się nią.

Dalmatyńczyk pochodzi od psów gończych, na co wskazuje budowa. Jednakże od dawna nie jest on używany do celów łowieckich — stał się wyłącznie psem reprezentacyjnym. Jest on dość samodzielny i zbliżony pod tym względem do psów gończych, a nawet do bojowych. Do nauki mniej podatny; nie bardzo skłonny do podporządkowania się człowiekowi we wszystkim.

Ponieważ rasa ta nie służy celom użytkowym, dużą wagę przywiązuje się do maści. Charakterystyczne jest, że rodzą się one czysto białe; plamy występują dopiero po paru miesiącach, a na ogonie nieraz dopiero po roku.

General impression. Strong dog, muscular, with a lively temperament, proportional in silhouette, not gross or gross, capable of persistent and fast running.

Head. Pretty long, flat in the cerebral part, the widest between the ears, well formed at the temples. Moderate leading edge (the profile from the nose to the back of the head is not a straight line). Unacceptable skin folds. The muzzle is long and strong, smooth lips, close to the teeth. Black spotted nose - black, in chocolate spotted - brown. Eyes moderately wide apart, medium size, round, clear and shiny, with an intelligent expression, the same color as the spots in the coat color. Black or brown in black spotted variety, in chocolate yellow or light brown. The edges of the eyelids with black spots are black, next to chocolate brown. Ears set high, medium size, quite wide at the base, rounded downwards gradually. Close to the head, thin and delicate structure. Speckled always desirable, the denser - the better. Teeth overlapping, top before bottom (scissor bite).

Neck. Moderately long, well arched, light, tapering and without skin folds.

Torso. Chest not too wide, but very deep and roomy. Ribs moderately sprung, never as rounded as barrel hoops (which would not allow speed to develop), strong back, loins muscular and slightly convex, betraying strength.

Front limbs. Moderately sloping shoulder blades, Flawless, muscular. The front legs are definitely straight, strong and well-boned. Elbows close to the body.

Hindquarters. The rump is abundant, clearly visible. Low hocks. Round paws, strong, with well arched toes (the so-called. kitten) with round ones, flexible fingertips. Nails in black spotted variety - black and white, in the chocolate-spotted variety - brown and white.

Tail. Not too long, not fat, but strong at the root and gradually tapering towards the tip, not set too low, worn slightly bent, never twisted, mottled (the denser - the better).

Robe. Short hair, hard, dense and delicate. They seem smooth and shiny. Woolly or silky unacceptable.

Color. The background of both varieties is definitely pure white (not blurred) with spots, which are black in one variety (the more intense the black - the better), in the other, chocolate. Circular spots, not merging with each other, evenly distributed, the size of small coins. Spots on the head, the mouth, ears, legs, on the tail and at the extremities of the body smaller than on the rest of the body.

Body dimensions. Dog weight approx 25 kg, height 55-60 cm, weight of bitches approx 20 kg, height 50-55 cm.

Disadvantages. Chocolate spots in black-spotted dogs or black in chocolate-spotted dogs. Lemon-colored spots. Large patches.

When judging, particular attention is paid to the color of the coat, stain distribution, the color of the nose and eyelids, and the appearance of the limbs. (Recently, a tendency to increase growth has been observed in the livestock; measurements carried out in Germany in 1972 r. show limits of growth from 55-64 - on average 59,5 cm).