Pattern entered in the FCI register under the number 65 (5. XII. 1963 r.)
It is probably the oldest lapdog, already known in ancient times in Greece and Rome, where he was very shadowed. It requires great care in maintaining a silky robe. In addition, the salon lifestyle influenced his elimination. I present the pattern in a nutshell.
General impression. Little dog, with a body slightly longer than the height at the withers, covered in abundance, shiny, long, white hair. It is the epitome of an elegant luxury dog. It should be alive, intelligent and easily attached to his master or rather lady.
Head. Not very narrow, length up to 6/11 height at the withers. The face part is clearly shorter than the brain part of the head. Forehead profile line parallel to the straight line of the bridge of the nose. The leading edge is very clearly marked, emphasized by the eyebrows and supraocular arches. Skull slightly ovoid, with a very faint marking of the back of the head (the width is almost equal to the length). Large nose with tight nostrils, completely black; his back is covered with long hair, indistinguishable from the hair of the beard. Rather tight lips, black, covered with abundant hair.
Adjunct well formed. Lightweight jaw and mandible. Complete dentition: scissor or forceps bite. The eyes are alive, expressive, clearly open and rather large, positioned frontally. Eyelids tightly fitting. Black pigmented rims, dark brown irises. Triangular ears, flat, length 1/3 the height of the dog, pendulous and close to the sides of the head, profusely covered with long hair reaching the shoulder blades. Broad base, placed high (over the zygomatic arch).
Neck. No skin folds or dewlap, desirable arched and worn like this, as if she had been thrown back.
Torso. Much longer (by approx 6 cm) from the height at the withers. The ratio of length to height as 138 : 100. The chest is large, deep, rounded, roomy. Withers slightly bulging. Straight back. Loins: Strongly muscled and broad. Belly slightly tucked up.. Croup wide, gently sloping.
Front limbs. Shoulders move freely. The upper arm is slightly longer than the shoulder blade, positioned to it at an angle of 70 °. The forearm is vertical and dry. Elbows properly positioned. Pasterns and wrist are straight. Łapy zaokrąglone o palcach zwartych i wysklepionych. Skóra na podeszwach i palcach silnie pigmentowana a pazury czarne lub przynajmniej ciemne. Cała kończyna obficie owłosiona aż do łap; włos wciska się między palce.
Hindquarters. Pośladki silnie rozwinięte, okryte obfitym włosem tworzącym pióra. Nogi ustawione raczej pionowo, od zewnętrznej i od wewnętrznej strony aż do łap pokryte obfitym i długim włosem.
Tail. Gruby, od nasady łukowato wzniesiony nad zadem, bardzo obficie owłosiony (włos opada jednostronnie, przypominając wierzbę płaczącą i sięga stawu skokowego).
Robe. Thick cover hair, shiny, very long, jedwabiste i proste; pożądane jak najdłuższe. Powinny okrywać całego psa i zwisać jak lśniący płaszcz przylegający do figury, ale bez kosmyków czy kępek. Szatę maltańczyka charakteryzuje brak podszycia.
Ointment. Pure white; dopuszczalny kolor kości słoniowej; lekki nalot pomarańczowy tolerowany, lecz niepożądany (wpływa na obniżenie oceny). Adherent skin, o czerwonej pigmentacji. Podeszwy i pazurki czarne lub co najmniej ciemne.
Increase. Height at the withers: psy 21—25 cm, suki 20—23 cm.
Code. Typical fine, quick jog; it should not resemble the gait of a Pekingese.
Disqualifying Defects. Ointment other than white, even small spots. Undershot. Curly hair. Exceeding the height of 2 cm or height lower than required by the standard. An eye like a jackdaw. No tail, lack of eye pigmentation, cryptorchidism. Nose color other than black.
Pattern entered in the FCI register under the number 196
He is undoubtedly the closest cousin of the Maltese, with which he was often identified, until this race was established. It differs from the Maltese in a slightly larger format (however not higher 30 Cm i 5 kg) and a curly coat.
White ointment, sometimes with undesirable, but with an acceptable yellow bloom. Not bred with us.
Volpino italiano (FCI 195). It is small (do 30 cm) white peasant spitz, not found outside of his homeland.