AMERICAN COCKER SPANIEL
American standard entered in the FCI register under the number 167 (20. IX. 1965 r.)
Dogs of this breed have become our salon attendants with a well-groomed coat.
Overall impression. The Cocker should give the impression of a working dog with a noble head, standing on straight legs, with strong shoulder blades, tight torso and broad muscular rump. His strong torso, strong croup, limbs with good bone make him a fast and persistent dog. Above all, it must be casual and cheerful, completely balanced, lively and willing in action, of equal temperament, without a trace of timidity (shyness).
Head. Well developed and arched, not flat or round. Die delikatna, eyebrows and forehead are clearly defined. The frontal furrow is clear, vanishing a little halfway from the occiput. The bone frame of the eye is clearly sculpted, not chubby cheeks under the eyes, the sides of the muzzle should also be even, clearly carved. The distance from the tip of the nose to the leading edge should be approximately half the distance from this point to the end of the occiput (the base of the head). The muzzle should be broad and deep with evenings, angular jaws. The upper lips should cover the lower jaw. Teeth healthy and regular, set at right angles in the jaws. Scissor bite. Nose in proportion to the muzzle, nostrils expressive, black in black and tan, in the red ones, fawn, brown and spotted and roan can be black or brown. Darker color is more valued. The eyes are round and full, so embedded, so that they are directed forward, almond-shaped. Neither concave, nor bulging out. Intelligent word, alive, gentle and sympathetic (appealing). Dark brown or black iris in blacks, black and tan, fawn and yellow, dark spotted and roan. Walnut - in reds, dark walnut, brown, light spotted and light roan. Desirable as dark as possible. Ear lobe placed no higher than the lower eyelid, thin skin, reaching to the nostrils, covered with a long one, silky, straight or wavy hair.
Neck. The neck is quite long, that it allows the nose to be easily brought to the ground, muscular and without skin folds (wow). Strong, it emerges from the shoulder blades in a gentle arc and rises upwards.
Torso. The height should be approximately the same as the distance from the top-withers to the base of the tail. The torso should appear short, tight and tied, evoking an impression of strength. Deep shoulder blades, oblique, but not convex; the upper part of the withers is at an angle, which allows the ribs to arise. Deep chest; its lowest part not above the elbow. Wide, to provide adequate room for the lungs and heart, but not so, that it inhibits the free action of the forelimbs. The ribs are deep and well sprung. Short torso, and the loins are deep, to which the rear ribs do not quite extend. The back is strong and sloping gently from the withers to the base of the tail. Wide hips, The croup is rounded and muscular.
Front limbs. Simple, with strong bones and muscles, close to the body at the elbow joint. Elbows set fairly low, not turned out or out, nor inward, Pasterns short and strong.
Hindquarters. Strong bones and muscles. Well positioned knees, strong. Expressive thighs. Strong drumstick, well angulated and parallel both in motion and at rest. Paws with strong pads, with hair between the toes. Not turned out or out, nor inside.
Tail. Set on and carried at the level of the back, and when the dog rummages - in constant motion.
Robe. Short and thin hair on the head, flat or slightly wavy on the body (never curled), silky, the average length, with sufficient lining. The ears, breasts, the abdomen and the back edges of the limbs are decorated with feathers, but not so abundant, that they interfere with movements and hinder its functions and appearance of the retriever. Excess hair or feathers are a fault.
Ointment. Black should definitely be black; brown or liver colored raids do not disqualify, but they are a drawback. Small white spots on the chest and neck do not disqualify, but they are a drawback. White spots elsewhere disqualify. A color other than black should be prominent. Brighter feathers, although undesirable, they do not disqualify. White spots are rated as for black spots. In multi-colored, at least two colors appearing in clearly demarcated patches, spread over the body - they are necessary. If one ointment is dominant in 90% or more - disqualifies. If the second suit is limited to only one place - disqualifying. Roan trees are multi-colored and should have a spotted pattern or a mixture of multi-colored hair throughout their coat.. Black and tan are judged along with solid color other than black. They should have a fire that stands out clearly from the black background. Distinct tanning can range from pale cream to bright red. The type and arrangement of the tan marks is decisive. They cannot take more than 10% surface; above 10% disqualifies. If the arson is just marked in the right places, it does not disqualify, but it is a serious drawback. A complete lack of arson in the right places disqualifies. Arrangement of arson: clear spots above both eyes, on the sides of the muzzle and cheeks, on the inside of the ear, on the feet and limbs, under the tail. Arson on the muzzle, spilling and combined, or absent on the cheeks, tanning on the limbs, which should not reach above the wrists and ankles does not disqualify, but it is a drawback. The black hair or the lines on the tan are not defective, but it is a drawback, if the tan is striped. Slight white spots on the chest and neck do not disqualify, but they are defective. On the other hand, white spots disqualify elsewhere.
Increase. Perfect for a dog 37,5 cm, and bitches 35 cm with a tolerance of an upward centimeter. Crossing this limit disqualifies you.
Cerebral skull 8
In order to 4
The ears 3
Neck and shoulder blades 15
Ointment and marks 3
To exhaust the list of spaniels, mention should be made of the Welsh Springer Spaniel (FCI 125). He is the Welsh cousin of the English Springer, slightly smaller, red and white.