The psychological features of a guard dog are, in addition to physical features, also an important property, which should be assessed in the candidates selected for this type of service. The assessment itself requires, above all, a lot of experience from the qualifier, and also basic knowledge of animal psychology, especially the dog. To make a precise judgment about the assessed entity, you cannot limit yourself to a single observation, but to continue it for a certain period of time in different situations and at different times. The dog is also subject to various moods and the influence of circumstances and phenomena, often imperceptible to man. An example of such an impact can be, for example,. marks left by a cat or a heating bitch. Siady te, about which man does not know, they can absorb the dog's attention as an animal with a sensitive smell. The influence of the dog's physical condition is also significant, like disease, hunger, heaviness after overfeeding, fatigue, not to mention the changes in heat, pregnancy or motherhood in a bitch. All of this may, to a greater or lesser extent, affect the misjudgment of the dog after a single observation.
Finally, the criteria for judging a dog are different ,,raw ", and the other trained. A good mener can enhance the desired features in a dog, and underdeveloped by nature, while the bad one is to distort his character and squander his natural talents.
Properties, which should be assessed in a guard dog, are: courage, bitterness, mental resilience, the so-called. "hardness” and easy to drive.
Most misunderstandings and bad judgments issued when assessing the value of a guard dog result from the confusion of the concepts of courage and sharpness. I can't help but say, that many lovers and the so-called. dog connoisseurs - even from among people, who, when performing their official duties, use guard dogs - does not distinguish between these notions, often mistakenly identifying sharpness with courage.
Courage is a character trait, thanks to which the individual takes on its own (without coercion or external motives) an active attitude towards real or allegedly existing dangers. This attitude manifests itself, as a rule, in opposing the impending danger. In a dog, then, courage is a necessary trait for this, so that he can display a protective instinct. Instinct, on the other hand, is the innate ability to perform unforced activities specific to a given animal species.
Courage has nothing to do with the degree of excitability, while it is always connected with self-confidence. It is best illustrated by an example, which I borrow from Dr. Hauke, Austrian cynologist. There was a dog in the yard - in this case it was a young bull terrier. In the same yard, a person indifferent to the dog started the motorcycle. At some point the bike started making a noise. Pies, who encountered such a phenomenon for the first time, turned and walked over to the source of the unpleasant sounds and smells, to find out the cause of this phenomenon. After looking around and sniffing this strange object, and having found out, that it is not an enemy, the dog lost interest in him. Here is an example of courage.
Courage is overcoming or not submitting, or, strictly speaking, on not easily succumbing to fear, fear and apprehension. These mental states, expressing a different degree of reaction to the same stimuli, they find their expression in the dog's behavior. Everyone violent, unexpected, intense stimulus, which goes through any of the senses to the brain, it creates a feeling of fear. The strength of the stimulus needed to trigger such a reaction depends on the threshold (degree) the individual's excitability, and undoubtedly even in the same individual it is not always equal. This unpleasant mental state for the dog, connected directly with fear, it leads to longer-lasting inhibitions or causes a motor or secretory reaction (escape, heartbeat, trembling, sweating, etc.); such a state is called fear. The duration of the feeling of fear depends in part on the duration of the stimulus that causes the fear, above all, however, from the individual's tendency to remain depressed. This time may be so short with brave individuals, that the feeling of fear will not manifest itself to the outside. If there is a secondary linkage between the feeling of fear and any phenomena accompanying the original stimulus, which caused fear, then we are talking about fear, anxiety, oba-w i e.
For example, the bang of a shot causes fear in fearful individuals. An animal's individual reaction to such a mental state is the feeling of fear that arises in it, more or less intense, short- or long-term. If the feeling of fear is associated e.g., with a sight of weapons, the presence of certain people, or with some movement accompanying a shot, or with the smell of burnt gunpowder, each of these phenomena in the future, regardless of the action of the appropriate stimulus - the bang, and even in the absence of this stimulus, can cause a similar mental state, which we call the drug.