Pattern entered in the FCI register under the number 218
It is the smallest dog, who in Mexico are of a similar origin to Pekingans in China. Its name is as exotic as its origin. He was supposed to be the Toltec palace dog, who ruled Mexico before the Aztecs.
Until recently, little known in Europe, chihuahua is one of the most interesting and attractive breeds. He is an ideal lap dog. And although he is a representative of the smallest of the breeds, this, however, in its small form conceals great resilience and the ability to adapt to the most extreme climates. Even though his homeland is Mexico, feels equally at home in the northern US and Canada, where there are frequent and heavy snowfalls. This breed is still gaining popularity in America. It is also increasingly represented in England and Western European countries.
Recently, an interesting theory about the origin of this breed was put forward by Czech cynologists. They deny it, such dogs existed in Mexico in the pre-Columbian period, and suppose, that very small dogs, who were the favorites of the rulers in Prague, they were sent as a gift to the rulers of Mexico, and there they acclimatized as the Mexican race, and now they are returning to Europe under a new name. Without getting into criticism of the historical validity of this theory, however, one cannot remain silent, that both in the Czech lands and in Silesia there are similar little dogs kept in miners' houses, not appreciated as a stand-alone breed and usually used for unusual ratlers. However, it is interesting, that these "atypical” the alleged hybrids are fairly even and rather very similar in appearance to chihuahuas, and they were definitely not imported from Mexico.
General characteristics. Special features, distinguishing this breed clearly from other races, there are several. The most striking feature is the stunted height. There are specimens weighing only 0,9 kg, others reach a mass of up to 3,5 kg. Chihuahua, even the heaviest ones, they seem very small due to their stocky build. At exhibitions in the USA, the exhibit must not exceed 2,72 kg (6 pounds). Despite their dwarf character, Chihuahuas are lively and mobile. Very smart, and at the same time excitable, they are brave, a. even aggressive towards dogs many times larger than them. They are very attached to their owners and absolutely do not tolerate strangers, thanks to this, they perform well as watchdogs, for they bark and sound the alarm at the slightest suspicious noise.
Head. It gives chihuahuas their typical appearance. The head of the correct shape is round like an apple, with delicate cheeks and a distinct leading edge. Unlike dogs of other breeds, they stand out (even old specimens) the existence of a fontanel. The nose is rather short and a little pointed. Black is desired, in fawn or lighter specimens it may also be bright (different colors are allowed). In individuals of chocolate color, blue or slate black nose may be of the same color. Very shining eyes, full, not too protruding and set quite wide apart. Black, chestnut. blue, ruby or shimmering. Light is acceptable in fawn specimens. The ears are large and set very wide apart. Simple while listening, tilted 45 ° when relaxed. The jaws are fine, about the delicate, regularly set teeth; undesirable strong or protruding. Slight undershot bite allowed, not exposing the teeth when they are closed.
Neck. Round, proportional construction, passing gently to the withers.
Torso. Very strong, longer than tall, almost cylindrical in shape, which gives the dog a limp and graceful appearance. Shoulders fine and high, giving the chest a slender shape. Croup light.
Front limbs. Medium tall and straight. Feet slightly short and arched leg permitted.
Hindquarters. Muscular. Hocks set fairly wide apart, enabling a balanced gait. Little paws, delicate fingers, well separated, round soles, long and curved claws.
Tail. Moderately long, twisted and carried on the back or slightly to the side. The hair on the tail is in harmony with the body of the body as abundant as possible.
Robe. In the long-haired variety (less common), soft, flat and wavy. Desirable lining, and tassels on the ears. On the thighs, hair is more abundant than on the rest of the body and a large ruff on the neck is desired. Ears less straight than shorthair due to long hair, but not drooping. The tail is long and very hairy, with a pen.
Ointment. All ointments and all their shades are allowed (a matter of personal taste), but among the most widespread and valued they are: fawn or chestnut, chocolate, fawn and chestnut (dwubarwna), White, creamy, silvery fawn, shit, black and tan and uniformly black.
Time. From 0,9 do 3,5 kg; on average in normal chihuahua from 1,3 do 1,8 kg. With equal beauty, smaller specimens are valued higher.
Chody. Short and chunky.
Disqualifying Defects. Tail clipped or broken, hairless. Ears cropped or pendulous. No hairiness.
Order of evaluation: time, head, ointment and tail.
Both varieties of chihuahuas should be judged separately at shows, because each of them can be granted separate applications for CACIB (and analogically also for CAC or CWC with us).
It should be mentioned about the even less common Havana dog (FCI 250), who resembles a Maltese with a curly coat. In addition to white, it comes in colors from beige to chestnut, and also with black patches.