While even the smallest lapdog can be a watchful guardian (small timid dogs are sometimes too vigilant and therefore can become annoying), only a bigger and brave dog is suitable for defense.
There are two opposing instincts in the nature of every dog - fight and flight. Depending on this, which of them predominates, we are talking about courageous or cowardly dogs. In the wild, there was a balance between the two instincts. Primitive dog - he put himself in the fight alone or together with pack companions. If he was weaker than the enemy, he saved himself by running away, because he was dictated by another instinct - self-preservation. Dogs with more fighting instincts than escape instincts, usually in such cases they died. This balance was disturbed in domestic dogs.
Out of some races, e.g.. fighting dogs or multiple terriers, and also dachshunds, by deliberate selection, man chose dozens for breeding, and even hundreds of generations of individuals, which showed outstanding courage, how would we express it humanly "combined with contempt for death". That is why among these breeds the most "difficult to lead" dogs are found.. Such dogs have an overdeveloped instinct for active defense and fighting, and their instinct to escape was almost eliminated. Rare dogs, which have no escape instinct at all, they are not suitable for home and study companions. For they are born leaders of the pack, they do not want to submit to any guide. In the event of a conflict for power, they will not yield and will fight to the death.
Other races, especially derived from rural hybrids or hunting dogs, rather, they are endowed with an excess of the instinct to escape. By the way, I will mention, that most of our established breeds of domestic dogs are descended from just such country dogs. In these dogs, as a result of countless generations' contact with their whip and shoe, it is not so much bread- what the chapper did rather persist, and even strengthened the instinct to flee.
For dogs, the so-called. are officially counted among the police breeds: airedale teriery, boksery, Munich bearded men - giants, dobermany (doberman-pinczer), German shepherds, rottweilery.
More or less all large and medium-sized dogs are suitable for defense, except greyhounds and hunting dogs. However, among the many lines of continental pointers there are a number of dogs with good defense qualifications.
Before starting the defense exercises, the dog must learn to walk with the leg, crouch or sit on command, reliably. He must be trained enough in discipline, so that under normal conditions the summoned person should come to the master immediately and be able to execute the command "stay” and "give a voice!”
The first dozen or so or at least a few exercises are carried out while holding the dog on a long one, but with a strong rope and a wide collar (by no means choking or thorny). As always, so, here too, the training area should be constantly changed, the person and attendant outfit, to avoid faulty associations with a place or person. You also have to remember, that no unpleasant coercion or other exercises are allowed here, especially unpleasant to the dog, to avoid associating defense with unpleasant things.
It is best to test your dog near your home, in the yard or garden, where distractions don't happen. In the field of view of the accompanying dog, we are free “at the leg” A midfielder shows up and at some point behaves aggressively. He's not trying to hit the dog yet, limiting himself to waving his hand at him, stomping, etc.. The dog will react to this more or less violently. His behavior will guide us, which of the instincts prevails and to what extent.
If the dog instinctively barks or even lunges towards the attacker, the task with him would be easy. Then it is enough to properly direct his natural defensive instinct. It is worse, if the dog moves back to the handler among the signs of fear. But even then the matter does not look too bad. The escape instinct is subordinated to the pack instinct, which does not allow the dog to leave the master. With proper upbringing, he can even be trained to be a very good protector. The worst is, when the dog is under the influence of fear, without looking back for the guide, he escapes where his eyes carry him. Then the instinct to escape is superior to that of the pack.
While learning defense, the helper should not differ from the average passer-by. The mistake of the former trainers was to use "figureheads."” clad in shapeless bags, like puppets, for which a dog was picked to remember. The effect was this, that the dog was "like furious."” at the sight of the outfit itself. When the figurehead abandoned his cover, the dog continued to mess with the rags, not caring about the attacker.