Defensive breeds not subjected to working trials.
This division is quite arbitrary, as well as the whole new taxonomy adopted by the FCI. All dogs can be trained and tested for their functional fitness. Only then can you benefit from a guard dog, when he has the appropriate height and weight. All breeds included in this group have such conditions. In my opinion, the owners of these breeds should be encouraged, to train their pets at least to the extent required of a "companion dog”. When training, however, one should remember about the properties of individual breeds, because you can't take dogs, which are characterized by a high threshold of excitability (as a rule, all dogs with the so-called. combat races) expect an equally quick response to orders, which shows e.g.. german shepherd or doberman.
The cynology derives the fighting dogs from large-type wild Canidae, presumably from a Tibetan wolf. One of the largest dogs comes from this line - the Tibetan Dog.
It is one of the oldest breeds, for the remains of dogs of this type were found in excavations in Nineveh and Assyria. Dogs of the doggy type, enormous growth, with the cerebral part of the head strongly arched, short muzzle, roughly resembling a Bernard, with a clearly marked leading edge - they were also recreated on sculptures, which were found in the Babylonian excavations (3rd and 2nd millennium BC). Even in those days it was possible to distinguish between two subtypes: one lighter, similar to a shepherd dog, in the kind of our Tatra Sheepdog, hovawart or even Swiss shepherd dogs, the second heavy (molos) - probably already a product of breeding selection. The first was and is still the shepherd's assistant to guard the herds of cattle and sheep.
The molossian type is much rarer and comes as a guard dog. It was rarely brought to Europe, and rather to zoos; a beautiful specimen was in the London Zoo. It is a huge dog with a broad head, eeyore, with long dark hair and a fluffy tail. It could be compared to a huge monochrome St. Bernard, about bearish fur and almost such a height. Sienkiewicz probably wrote about a dog of this type in "In Desert and Wilderness”. Perhaps, such dogs during the migration of peoples got to Europe and shaped the native breeds of herding dogs. They were also brought to Rome, where they took part in animal fights in the arenas and from there they probably passed with the legions to Britain, There, associated with native dogs unknown today, gave rise to a group of English-type fighters, existing to this day.
The fighting dogs undoubtedly came to us from England, what the name "brethan" indicates. In England, the traditions of animal fighting have survived the longest, until the first half of the last century. There were bull-chewing and dog-fighting shows, officially banned only from 1835 r., and unofficially, they probably took place for a long time in the recesses of ports and suburbs of industrial cities. English passion for breeding and talent, with which they devoted themselves to this activity, contributed to the consolidation of the fighting dog breeds. Currently, these dogs have already lost their profession of "gladiator", which softened their character.
All fighting dogs are strong, massive, with a muscular build, mastered, calm, not very noisy, fearless as protectors. In addition, they are characterized by low sensitivity to pain and fierce fighting, one might say - combined with contempt for danger. They are faithful, quite individualistic and, despite their high intelligence, require training by a calm and composed guide, which must lead to this, let the dog obey him without struggling for guidance. They are generally less offensive and rather gentle, they only become aggressive when provoked, when they are attacked or when they are under attack. In relation to weaker beings, and most of all children - they are extremely lenient and bear even nagging pranks with patience, to which they do not respond with biting back, as smaller dogs do. At most, they will paw or shake off the annoying tormentor. That is why dogs of this type are especially suitable for guardians of children, which they zealously defend against all possible dangers. Another property of them is a very dormant hunting instinct and if they are not trained in this direction by humans or by the company of other dogs, they are not prone to wandering and independent poaching expeditions.
They are also suitable, despite his generally great stature, except for the largest breeds, to hide in urban conditions, because they don't require that much traffic, what else, livelier dogs. According to their weight, however, they require a lot of valuable food, especially during the growth period. Therefore, before purchasing such a dog, it should be considered whether we will be able to provide him with sufficient living space, run and spend a lot of time training it and - which should also be taken into account - whether we will be able to afford the right amount of meat.