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DOBERMAN

DOBERMAN

Pattern entered in the FCI register under the number 143a (1960 r.)

It is a large pinscher, which, apart from the features of a pinscher, undoubtedly has something of a sheepdog in it. It is included in the so-called. police dogs. Probably this race has outlived us. already at the peak of its popularity, and nowadays it is being replaced by calmer and easier to keep sheepdogs. Doberman, as a service dog, does not pass the exam in our climate because of too delicate hair, and as a lap dog, he has too much temperament. In the Middle East, however, Dobermans and their hybrids serve as police dogs. The breed name "Doberman” comes from Fryderyk Ludwik Doberman (from Thuringia), to whom is credited with the production of this race. The starting material was a local butcher dog (probably a cousin of the rotweiler), which the Doberman crossed with a sheepdog, similar to the modern German Shepherd and the then stable pinscher. Undoubtedly, the breeding efforts of Frederick Doberman had to be successful, if w 1889 r. his successors formed the first Doberman Pinscher breeders club, under which name is this race in 1900 r. was officially entered into German studbooks.

General impression. Medium size dog, strong and muscular. Elegant silhouette, turned out, upright posture, seems almost square, especially in dogs. The Doberman is easy to drive, ale wymaga doświadczonego przewodnika; ufny, śmiały, czujny i odważny. Cechuje go poza tym inteligencja, wrodzona ciętość i doskonały węch. Dzięki tym zaletom doberman nadaje się doskonale na towarzysza, obrońcę i jako pies użytkowy.

Head. Wyraźnie odgraniczona od szyi. Oglądana z profilu i z góry robi wrażenie prostego klina. Skóra ściśle przylegająca do kości i płaskich mięśni, dzięki czemu głowa wydaje się delikatnie wymodelowana (dry). Część mózgowiowa głowy oglądana z przodu i z boków — płaska. Linie grzbietu nosa i czoła biegną równolegle. Faceplate edge plate. Linia górnego profilu głowy, od nosa do okolicy ciemieniowej i dalej, opada lekkim zaokrągleniem do karku. Teeth white, kompletny zgryz nożycowy. G<$r-na krawędź czaszki oglądana z przodu — pozioma, a więc nie powinna opadać ku uspm. Oko średniej wielkości, oval, as dark as possible. U osobników Czekoladowo umaszczonych i niebieskich dopuszczalny jest jaśniejszy odcień oczu, ale ogólnie biorąc, zarówno oczy jak i nos powinny być ciemne. Ears set high, worn straight, cropped.

Neck. Pretty long, sucha i muskularna, nieco wygięta, carried straight up.

Torso. Kłąb, zwłaszcza u psa, silnie zaznaczony. Klatka piersiowa o głębokości proporcjonalnej do długości tułowia (głębokość ta stanowi 50% the height of the dog at the withers), dość szeroka z wystającą ku przodowi przednią częścią mostka (parapet). Żebra lekko wysklepione sięgające poniżej stawu łokciowego. Grzbiet krótki i odpowiednio szeroki, strongly muscled. Linia grzbietu lekko spadzista w kierunku zadu. Lędźwie dobrze umięśnione. Zad zaokrąglony, nie spadzisty. Brzuch począwszy od końca mostka do miednicy wyraźnie podciągnięty. U suki tułów może być nieco dłuższy niż u psa.

Front limbs. Mocno zbudowane. Seen from all sides - straight, perpendicularly. The arm with the long oblique blade makes an almost right angle. The well-muscled shoulder blade lies close to the chest, protruding above the processes of the thoracic vertebrae. Pasterns straight (not turned in either direction). Paws short and tight. Toes arched upwards (the so-called. cat's paws).

Hindquarters. Thighs wide, well muscled. The knee joint is firmly built; angle about 130 °. Hock joint strongly developed; parallel to each other, with the vertically positioned metatarsus they form an obtuse angle. Feet strongly arched, palce black. Dewclaws are not allowed.

Robe. The coat is short, compact, hard, tight to the skin and smooth.

Ointment. Black, chocolate or blue with rusty, sharply delimited tan in the form of distinct spots on: lips, cheeks, upper eyelid, dewlap, breasts (two spots), metacarpus, midfoot, paws, the inside of the thigh, sciatic tumors and anal circle.

Height. Pies 68 cm, maximum 70 cm, likes 63-66, maximum 67 cm.

Chody. Elastic, glamorous, feedback, free and sliding. Front legs lunges large, rear slippery and springy with great driving force.

Disadvantages. Too much arched nose (garbaty) or the forehead and parietal part of the head. Leading edge is too sharp or too weak, head too short and thick (cheek hyperplasia), spiczasta die. Ears too high or set too low. Teeth incomplete, Undershot or overshot mouth. Slanted eyes, convex or too deep set, Sure. Neck too short or too long. The presence of skin folds on the neck and dewlap. Bone too light, Short shoulder blade, loose or steep. Elbows twisted. The posture of the legs is small or separate- long paws, loose or soft. Back too long, sway-shaped or carp-shaped. Barrel chest with flat ribs, plate, too narrow. No forechest. Back badly angulated. Hocks turned outwards (barrel-shaped attitude) or inwards (cow). Cryptorchidism. Shaky gait, not free, tramping or crotch (the camel). Long hair, soft, rippling. Arson too bright, blurred, unclean, white marks. Cover hair too sparse and short, revealing undercoat. Nervous disposition, cowardly.