Dog's robe, that is, coat or fur, it can be diverse both in terms of the type of hair and color. Hairy hair is not always clearly typical of its kind. Old breeds, which sports cynology has been dealing with for a long time, the coat is usually already even. Often there are still considerable fluctuations in young breeds, but e.g.. in the case of a German Shepherd Dog, these fluctuations do not affect its evaluation, if the garment is practical. Basically a dog's fur, similarly to all Canidae, it consists of more or less long or hard cover hair and a soft, dense undercoat. One should distinguish 2 coat types - straight-haired and rough-haired with varieties: hairy, correct rough, woolly and silky.
Straight hair. They can be divided into 3 types: short, hard and long. I realize, that these names do not reflect this, which could be expressed in one word to describe a dog's garment, but unfortunately - there is no equivalent of terms in the Polish vocabulary, a formation of multi-membered adjectives, adopted in German, it does not correspond to the spirit of our language.
Short hair. They should be shiny. In this type of cover, there is little or no lining. The abdomen and the good side of the thigh are sometimes almost bare. Such a coat is undesirable in utility breeds, because it does not provide protection against temperature changes and does not protect against mechanical damage to the skin. It can only be tolerated in house dogs, for which it is even an advantage due to the ease of keeping it clean and shiny. Italian Greyhounds have such hair, dwarf pinscher and dachshunds in non-hunting nests (in a hunting dachshund, excessively fine hair is undesirable).
Hard hair. Such a coat is the best for all working and peace dogs, because it combines the advantages of good skin protection with the ease of keeping it clean. It is most similar to the natural fur of the wild ancestors of the dog. Cover (cover hair) is simple, naturally arranged, hard, elastic, different lengths in different breeds, and even in different individuals of the same race. The cover hair usually fits tightly along the body, sometimes they are outliers (e.g.. u szpica), but never hairy, woolly or bristly. They often create 'whirlwinds” behind the ears or a mane. Hair on the mask, ears and feet are usually short. In longer hair, this type of tail is usually fluffy, similar to a fox putty or wolf tassel; usually no "feathers."”, Fringes” or "pants” on legs. In the hard cover on the underside of the tail, the hair is sometimes slightly longer and forms the so-called. brush (rush-rally). Under the hard, as a rule, smooth and shiny, sometimes a dull cover is located dense, soft, tight undercoat, usually grayish or brownish, muted with the color of the cover, sometimes black or white, when the cover hair is of the same color.
Long hair. A dog's long-haired coat is usually soft, usually with a rather sparse undercoat. The cover hair is less hard and straight, sometimes with a slight tendency to wavy; on the mask and on the feet they are usually short and more delicate. They usually form a mane, and on the legs and tail tassels or the so-called. feathers (longhaired bernard, long-haired collie, Pekingese). As long as the hair is straight in the forms discussed (except too short) rather, they represent a dog's natural garment, hair of other types is the result of selection and breeding selection.