In the standard, the dog's height is usually entered in the upper and lower limits. The measurement is made behind the withers (bar measure, not a tape one), when the animal stands on level ground in a natural posture. Measurement should be done in a vertical line, running through the elbow, the hair on the withers should be pressed tightly against the skin. When taking detailed measurements, e.g.. when licensing, the height in the rump is also measured (in the same way along a vertical line at the highest point of the cross). Sometimes the circumference of an animal's chest is also measured and the ratio of height to length is calculated. Chest circumference is measured with a tape measure perpendicular to the ground just behind the elbow. Length is measured (bar measure) along the horizontal line of the torso at about half its height. Some breeds also have comparative measurements of the circumference of the skull in relation to the facial or other parts of the head.
Taking accurate measurements of a dog is not easy, it seldom stands still for a long time, besides, he is concerned about measuring instruments. Therefore, each measurement is taken several times and taken as an average value. Dogs entering shows should get used to the measurement not only made by the owner, but also by strangers. Any deviation from the prescribed measurements should not, in principle, result in a disqualification, if the proportions are respected. Only in giant and dwarf dogs, which are rather decorative dogs, and not utility (dogi, pinscher) a record for giantness or dwarfism is sought. However, it is worth remembering, that such marginal values are usually attained at the expense of weakening the constitution or neglecting other physical or mental characteristics. Utility dogs in terms of size should be kept to average, provided for the breeds.
Time. When assessing the dog - apart from the dimensions - body weight is sometimes taken into account, and in some races only weight. The values given in the standards obviously apply to dogs in normal show condition, i.e.. nor tattooed, nor emaciated.
Special features. It is about individual features, which make up the individual character of a given individual.