Dog's torso – assessment.
Withers. Behind the seven cervical vertebrae (counting from the head) is located 13 thoracic vertebrae, the spinous processes protruding upwards form in the most elevated place, i.e.. above the shoulder blades, a whirl. Depending on the race, the withers can be tall, narrow or wide.
Chest. It can be narrow when viewed from the front (chart), normally wide (sheep-dog) or very wide (bulldog); she is also muscular in various ways. Depending on the inclination of the scapula, the chest may be more or less advanced. Zebra proper in numbers 9 pairs are connected by a bridge; behind them are 4 pairs of pseudo-ribs. They can be flat or round, more or less arched and depending on this form a flat or barrel-shaped chest. For example, a greyhound's chest is carp-shaped (at the front it is relatively narrow and not very deep, which gives the shoulder blades more freedom of movement), it then deepens and widens as there is more space for the lungs and heart.
In working dogs, particular attention is paid to the depth of the chest, from what min. its capacity depends, and thus the dog's persistence in runs. We are talking about a deep chest then, when the sternum is at or slightly below the elbow joint. If the chest does not reach the level of the elbow, we say it is shallow.
Ridge. It could be simple, more or less bent (carp fish), relatively steadily descending towards the rear. Dorsal collapse (sagging) is a great disadvantage, because it indicates his weak muscles or a history of rickets. A dog with such a ridge is not persistent in running, nor can it be a good retriever. Most breeds have a straight or slightly sloping back; only a few (bulldog, Pekingese) that. Due to the very wide spacing of the forelegs, they have a slightly lower front part of the back than the rear part. The muscularity of the back and its binding is very important and it is always paid attention to. The back becomes a cross and continues into the tail, and here too there are differences in construction. As a rule, in working dogs, the cross should be wide and straight or slightly sloping backwards. Few races (bulldog) they have the sacral part of the body which is narrow in relation to the thoracic part. The flanks and belly join the back, which is usually moderately tucked up. Only in persistent and fast galloping dogs it is significantly tucked up, giving the hind legs more freedom of movement. When evaluating the dog, particular attention is paid to the correct proportions of the body. Back too long or sunken, as well as the truncated and humped ones are disadvantages negatively affecting both usability, as well as the appearance of the dog.