Categories
Psy

ENGLISH SETER

ENGLISH SETER

English pattern, entered in the FCI register under the number 2a (6. III. 1963 r.)

Setters as field dogs are as popular in England as pointers. This breed is undoubtedly very old. There is a dispute, whether they are descendants of spaniels, or their ancestors, or - most likely - they derive from the common trunk of dogs used for fowl. A spaniel is mentioned in English sources from the 11th century, who stands in front of the birds with his leg raised, and then crawls towards him, and when he has reached, he lies down in front of him. Hence their name: „couching spaniels” i „sitting dogs”, and the legatee must have taken its name from this property. Zresztą psy te również nadają się do buszówki i polowań wodnych, chętniej też aportują niż pointery.

W angielskim piśmiennictwie łowieckim seter angielski znany jest od czterech wieków. Pierwotnie szata ich była bardziej kędzierzawa. Współczesny seter angielski wywodzi się z hodowli Edwarda Laveracka, o którego psach znajdujemy wzmiankę datowaną mniej więcej na rok 1825. Ojcami rodu były psy „Ponto” i „Old Meli”, których potomstwo użyte do dalszej hodowli w pokrewieństwie dało wyrównane pogłowie. Stąd przyjęło się określenie setera angielskiego jako „laveracka”. Z psiarni Laveracka para psów dostała się do rąk innego utalentowanego hodowcy — Llewellina, który przyczynił się swoimi sukcesami hodowlanymi do dalszej popularności tej rasy. Linia ta stała się popularna pod nazwą swego hodowcy, tak że odróżniano drugi typ — llewellina.

Uwagi te, odnoszące się do historii rasy psa, która od przeszło 100 lat święci triumfy na wystawach i próbach polowych, are important for potential buyers of breeding material imported from abroad. It deserves a mention, that nowadays this setter has become very popular in Italy and its population in this country is undoubtedly many times more numerous than in England, and the quality is higher.

The English Setter is a very friendly dog, with a calm disposition and outstanding hunting talent (hunting passion).

General impression. Medium height dog, with a clearly defined silhouette and high elegance in appearance and movements.

Head. Long and quite slender, with a clearly defined leading edge, oval, roomy, with a pronounced occipital tumor. Muzzle moderately deep and quite square. The distance from the frontal edge to the tip of the nose is equal to the distance between the poll and the eyes. Nostrils wide. Upper and lower jaws of almost equal length. Lips not too pendulous. Nose black or liver-colored, according to the color of the garment. Equal snout. Shining eyes, about mild, intelligent expression, dark walnut; the darker the better. Medium length ears, set low and hanging in a graceful fold tightly against the cheeks; velvet ends, and the upper part is covered with fine silky hair.

Neck. Rather long, muscular, slim, gently arched at the nape of the neck clearly protruding from the head, widening towards the shoulder blades, muscular, no sagging skin, with an elegant outline.

Torso. Moderate length. Chest deep in the sternum and sufficiently deep and wide between the shoulder blades. Ribs well sprung; the last far overlapping. Short back, horizontal. Loins broad, slightly arched, strong and muscular.

Front limbs. Shoulder blades set far back, oblique. The forearm is strong and very muscular with rounded bones. Low set elbow. Pasterns short, muscular, round and straight.

Hindquarters. Well-formed knees, with an expressive pond. Long thighs. Paws with very tight toes, strong and well protected by the hair between the toes.

Tail. It is placed almost on the back line, the average length, covered with hair or curls, nor hairy, slightly bent or saber, but not tearing upwards. The banner or feather hangs in long flowing wisps. Feather starts not at the base of the tail, but a little lower, extending towards the center, and then gradually shorten towards the end. Long hair, shiny, soft and silky, but not curly.

Robe. The hair at the back of the head is slightly wavy at the ear line, long and silky, as well as all hair. Pants on the back legs and feather on the front plentiful, reaching to the paws.

Ointment. Black and white, lemon white, brown and white or tricolor black and white and red. Specimens without large body patches, but finely mottled all over the body - more appreciated. Just like the Dalmatian, English Setters are born white, and the stains do not appear until later.

Body dimensions. Dogs 27-31 kg and 63-70 cm tall, suki 26— 29 kg and 60-63 cm tall.

Disadvantages. Heavy shoulder blades, awkward, the muzzle is short, tapering towards the nose. No leading edge. Light or slanting eyes. Ears set high. Loose elbows, badly located under the shoulder blade. Flat ribs. Loins too long. Pasterns and metatarsus weak, steep knees. Paws wide. Croup narrow, tail carried merrily. Light skeleton, gaits not smooth. Undershot or overshot.