Evaluation of the dog.
The evaluation of the dog should be performed according to the criteria adopted in the standard of the given breed. Template (standard) this is the description established by the breeders of the breed. The assessment is carried out according to a standard established in the home country, if, of course, this country deals with cynology in the full sense of the word. Some exotic races have found a new homeland, and in this case the country's standard is adopted, who first found him. A typical example of a breed adopted in a new homeland is the Chinese Palace Dog, which owes its popularity to the English, not the Chinese.
Unfortunately, some such patterns are not very transparent; many words are devoted to unimportant matters, on the other hand, there were no comments on essential matters.
Properly judging a dog is not an easy matter; it requires many years of experience, knowledge of the dog's anatomy and, of course, knowledge of the breed pattern.
Show evaluation is done either by comparative classification of dogs of one breed and putting them in order ,,on the eye”, or by scoring each exhibited dog for its characteristics. Neither of these methods is perfect per se. Assessment "by eye” may produce good results, if it is made by seasoned judges, who have "painting” eye and comprehensive knowledge of the assessed breed. However, with a larger number of exhibits, especially with rushed evaluation, it is very easy to make mistakes due to inaccuracies, when, under the influence of a general good impression, sometimes even serious defects escape the judge's notice.
The score is also far from ideal, because it's hard to call a dog good, if it gets a high score for one of the traits, but the other qualities are expressed to a completely wrong degree, which, however, with the total of points does not give a sufficient picture. In some countries, special cards have been introduced for many breeds to facilitate judging the judge, on which the silhouette of a dog of a given breed was printed and a number of conventional marks were given to denote errors or undesirable features, like for example. sway ridge, cow stance of limbs, shallow chest, etc.. They greatly facilitate the work of a judge, reminding him, what he should pay attention to; prevent "being missed."” wad. Moreover, these international marks allow the judge to express his opinion in a way that is understandable to everyone ,,dog lover” and prevent misunderstandings arising from it, that interpreters in the rings do not always know the cynological vocabulary in two languages. The judge, after reviewing all dogs entered in a given class, makes the judgments.
The International Cynological Federation developed a framework standard at the XII Congress in Monaco, which points 9 essential points, which the judge should remember when classifying dogs at a show or show. It was recommended to unify the layout of all patterns, but the action is very slow. The FCI has no sanction, which could force the member states to redraft their patterns accordingly. Unfortunately, the arrangement of the majority leaves much to be desired. In U.S, as in all FCI member countries, breed standards as entered in the FCI register apply. Patterns are reported by countries, from which this breed is derived or those, which a given breed has adopted. As breeding and refinement of the breed progress, the home countries often introduce changes or additions to the pattern. The standardization is indicated by numbering - and so, for example,. poodle standard currently typed under the number 172 b was, as it follows, twice amended.
Dog skeleton - German Shepherd: 1 – jaw, 2 - nasal cartilage, 3 – jaw, 4 – eye socket, 5 – first cervical vertebra, — atlas, 6 – blade, 7 – thoracic vertebrae, 8 – lumbar vertebrae, 9 – sacral vertebrae, 10 – pelvis, 11 - caudal vertebrae, 12 -femur, 13 - knee, 14 - fibula, 15 - tibial bone, 16 - ankle, 17 - metatarsal bones, 18 - finger bones, 19 - metacarpal bones, 20 – wrist bones, 21 - ulna, 22 - radius bone, 23 - elbow, 24 – humerus, 25 - bridge, 26 - proper ribs (bone), 27 - pseudo-ribs.
General appearance. It consists of the characteristic features of both the breed and the individual, general proportions, behavior, condition and gait. Be aware of it when judging a dog, that this point is, in a way, a recapitulation of the whole assessment and may have a decisive influence on it. Even though the individual features will be good, the lack of harmony can affect the overall rating, reducing it or even disqualifying the dog. And vice versa - it can happen, although much less often, that a serious defect in secondary features can, in general opinion, be treated more gently thanks to the harmonization of the entire figure.