Feeding the Dog
Rational nutrition of a dog consists primarily in the use of foods suitable for his digestive tract, typical of carnivores. After being weaned, a young puppy should receive sweet cow's milk (or better still sheep or goat) with the addition of a bun, well-cooked oatmeal or other groats. In addition, from the sixth week on, the dog should be given meat, initially finely chopped veal or rabbit meat, then all the other meats, but not of sick animals, and not of carrion. The meat should be at least 1/3, and at best 2/3 the total amount of food consumed by the dog. Fat pork or horse meat alone is not recommended, although alternating with other meat they are not harmful.
The dog perfectly digests raw meat, but if it is exclusively fed by it, gives off the foul odor of a wild animal. Therefore, half of the meat is given raw, and the rest is cooked with plant food. All veins and cartilage are excellent food for your dog, but provided, that they are served with meat. When feeding slaughter waste containing a high percentage of connective and epithelial tissue (lungs, intestines, udders, etc.) you have to remember, that they are less nutritious than muscle tissue and therefore have to be given correspondingly more.
Working dogs, pregnant or lactating bitches, and adolescents in the period of development should receive nutritious and wholesome food.. Blurred cheese and eggs are a good substitute for meat, and fish with bones removed. Add fat to lean meat, especially during work and in winter. Oatmeal is a nutritious plant food, and for less delicate dogs, bread. Young dogs should not be given too much oatmeal, because they have a descaling effect. For a change, you can sometimes serve rice, but well cooked; however, one should bear in mind, that it is lacking in vitamins. Potatoes are of little use, if they are not well broken after cooking, the dog does not thoroughly bite the food and therefore it does not digest the undivided plant parts. Your dog's digestive juices will dissolve the meat they swallow, but they won't break down unmasked potatoes or ungrated peas and beans, which can be easily seen by observing the dog's droppings.
Food should be as varied as possible - almost anything, what a person eats can be given to a dog. Only sharp spices should be avoided, the roots, sauces etc.. Kitchen salt - as much as in a normal human kitchen, but rather less than more. When properly assembled, a varied menu, you do not have to resort to any advertised pharmaceuticals, Especially you shouldn't give sulfur or other medications, unless they have been recommended by a doctor or someone really experienced. Useful are the salts in the water left over from cooking the vegetables. On this water with the addition of vegetable waste (just not rotten) you can cook dog food.
The minerals needed for building tissues are obtained by the dog from the eaten bones. During the development period, the dog must receive the right amount of them. Of course, bones cannot be considered the basis of food, they are just an add-on. Since there is obstruction (constipation), their portion should be reduced. Cartilage-covered joint heads are useful, zebra crossing, calf heads etc., both raw and cooked. The tibia should not be provided (especially game and poultry), which break down into sharp splinters under the influence of digestive juices, and by piercing the gastrointestinal tract they can cause death.
Young dogs, teeth grow, they should always have a large bone to play with, e.g.. the head of the knee joint. In the absence of bones or, at least, a roll or bread dry to the bone, they will chew on the carpets, shoes and other things encountered on the way.
The dog develops within a few or several months, so even a short period of underfeeding or weakening due to infectious diseases or parasites during development can cause irreversible damage to the young organism. Therefore, proper nutrition and care for the dog's health are extremely important at this time.
After the age of six, the dog should have little bones, because the excess of minerals causes faster calcification of blood vessels and accelerates old age.
Following these general food guidelines you would have to answer the question: how often and how much to feed?
The young dog must be fed 5 times a day. As it grows, you should shift the intervals between meals, to reach two meals a day when the dog exceeds one year - the main one and the lighter one.