Pattern entered in the FCI register under the number 235 (18. XI. 1961 r.)
It is sometimes called ulmski, and in Western Europe and in Anglo-Saxon countries also a "great Dane."”. Undoubtedly, it comes from the same trunk as mastiffs, but some large hounds might be found among his ancestors, and it is definitely related to the greyhound as well. In the Middle Ages Great Danes were used as hounds for hunting the thickest game: a bear, wild boar, probably also wisent and aurochs.
They are most numerous in Germany and neighboring countries. The most beautiful specimens are also there, although we do not have to be ashamed of the representatives of our breeding.
Great Danes are the largest dogs of the European continent. They are distinguished by a noble and graceful silhouette, smooth movements. They are livelier than other fighting dogs and more likely to be aggressive. However, properly arranged from their earliest youth by a good guide, they are very nice companions and perfect protectors. Training them undoubtedly requires a great deal of composure and knowledge of the psyche of a fighting dog. In working on them, only a skilled guide can achieve excellent results. Before the war, in the examination of working dogs of the Silesian Association of Breeders of Purebred and Utility Dogs, a bitch of this breed obtained first place before other dogs of recognized police breeds (sheepdogs, dobermany, boksery). It was prepared by an amateur, who trained her in her spare time.
However, beginner amateurs and unbalanced people should not be advised of dogs of this breed, because they are imperious in nature and - like mastiffs - in old age they are evil and overconfident, if you can't keep them under control.
General impression. The Great Dane combines a strong physique, "Seriousness” and elegance. He has a particularly expressive head. Even in the strongest excitement, he does not show his nervousness and gives the impression of a noble statue. Nervous and cowardly dogs, regardless of other features, they can only get the grade 'unsatisfactory”. Dogs of this breed are usually attached to the household, especially to children, and distrustful of strangers.
Head. Elongated, narrow, full of expression, perfectly modeled (especially the part under the eyes), with a strongly defined leading edge. In profile, the forehead is sharply cut from the bridge of the nose. The forehead line and the bridge of the nose run parallel to each other. Head narrow when viewed from the front, with the bridge of the nose as wide as possible, with cheek muscles not too convex and only slightly outlined. Muzzle with full lips, cut as perpendicularly as possible from the front, with a pronounced angle of the lips. The lower jaw is not protruding, nor withdrawn. The length of the front part of the head from the tip of the nose to the frontal edge, equal to the distance between the frontal edge and a slightly marked occipital tumor. Head angular on all sides (angular) with strong contour lines, size adapted to the dimensions of the dog. Big nose, always black in brindle and single-colored ones; in spotted ones tolerated in black spots and pink. Split nose is not correct. Teeth large and strong, White, closely overlapping. Scissor bite desirable, i.e.. when the maxillary incisors closely overlap the mandibular incisors (the alignment of the maxilla and mandible is generally assessed according to the alignment of the mobile mandible). Compact-framed eyes, medium size, round, as dark as possible, about alive, "Wise” expressions. Well developed browbones. Eyelids tight. Ears set high, not too distant from each other, quite long, sharply cut, proportional to the head and evenly stiffly standing. Dogs with uncropped ears are excluded from the bonus. However, due to the prohibition of cutting the ears in many countries, they should also be admitted to exhibitions in Poland without any restrictions. Specimens with pendulous ears or trimmed too short cannot qualify as "excellent."”
Neck. Set high, tapering gently towards the head, long, muscular and wiry, without a strongly developed dewlap or dewlap. Gracefully bent, with a well-developed nape.