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Pets

ANIMAL PROTECTION

In caring for animals, foresters have two main goals. First of all, they create conditions for obtaining the largest possible number of individuals of a given species in a given area and for this purpose they feed them and keep them in perfect health.. Moreover, they look after the game, especially big trophy game, e.g.. jeleniowatymi, selecting the most beautiful specimens. The current state of nature, not allowing the animals themselves to achieve the required parameters, that the listed goals are defined by rules, which must be respected by breeders and nature keepers.

Protection of game birds. It is essential to apply the following rules:

- selection of game in order to obtain a population with very good breeders;

- standby, that the proportion of both sexes meets the needs of each species; controlling the age distribution, favoring strong individuals, the most vital;

- providing birds with a sufficient amount of protein-rich food all year round, especially before nesting;

- ensuring the birds absolute peace during the mating season and during nesting;

- watching over the condition of vegetation and natural hiding places all year round, especially in winter and during the nesting season;

- saving nests exposed during field work, collecting eggs for incubators; the young thus obtained should be released into the wild;

- restricting or prohibiting hunting of species, whose numbers are declining; promotion of breeding in order to supply the wild population with the individuals thus obtained.

Currently, most European countries pay attention to the breeding of pheasants. Methods used in breeding other bird species are used. In nature, the sex ratio of pheasants is determined by their biotope. In the fields, a ratio of three hens to one rooster is recommended, in mixed fisheries - five hens, in specialized fisheries, where only pheasants are hunted, eight hens for one rooster. Maintaining such a balance allows the elimination of excess cocks.

A bedding for pheasants.

There are two methods of breeding pheasants: open and aviary.

In open breeding, the breeder intervenes only indirectly in the pheasant production process. Its role is to create appropriate living conditions, improvement of the biotope, protecting birds from predators and feeding in the autumn and winter months. The pheasant is a granivorous and herbivorous bird; if necessary, supplement the diet with insects and small vertebrates. The basis of food is the grain of the cereals (wheat, oat, rye, barley) and buckwheat, maize, proso. Oilseeds are served with hemp or sunflower seeds and supplemented with Jerusalem artichoke, potatoes, cabbage, beets, carrots and fruit. You can also add animal food (slaughterhouse waste, bone meal, etc.). Such a mixture is presented to pheasants in the so-called. ballast, that is, channels covered with a roof, accessible from both sides. Such a bedding has the dimensions of 2×3 m.

Pheasants start feeding after the threshing is finished, increasing doses in winter, and it ends when the snow melts. The grain of the cereals is then delivered, glide and fine sand. Then, to get the grain, pheasants have to rummage and swallow the sand with the grain, which facilitates digestion.

In aviary breeding, pheasants are fed with granules containing all the necessary nutrients. They are also provided with measures to prevent disease occurrence. The eggs laid by the hens in the aviaries are collected, sorts, disinfects and places in incubators. The incubators are automatically temperature controlled, humidity and ventilation, and the eggs are turned automatically too. Hatched chicks are placed under electric artificial hens to protect them from the cold. They are fed with a granular compound feed rich in animal protein. At the age of 2-3 weeks, pheasants are released to nurseries connected with large aviaries, to get used to living freely. W 7 During the week of life, they are placed in cages, in places where they will be released. Within 2-3 weeks they get used to the new environment. Before being released into the wild, young pheasants must be provided with conditions for survival: hiding places, getting enough food, water in drinkers, calm. If these conditions are not followed, the losses can be very large.

Pheasant farming is expensive. It requires specialized equipment and constant bird care. Nevertheless, it is carried out on a large scale in many countries, not only for hunting, but also, to prevent the disappearance of the pheasant in some areas.

Like pheasants, you can breed other species of birds, such as partridges or mallards. The procedure is the same. In addition to breeding open crossbreeds, you can help them by lining artificial nests made of wood. Because female mallards sometimes nest in hollows and empty tree trunks, they easily accept nests placed on poles above the water. Ground sockets cause large losses. Destruction is taking place 60% eggs and chicks by predators as a result of bad weather and carelessness or vandalism of humans. On the other hand, wooden nests provide little ducks with almost absolute safety.