In the family, the hawk eagles - a symbol of strength and royal dignity - are a separate group. The golden eagle does not bear the title of the king of birds, although he is a flight master. He can use air currents and travel long distances (do 13 km) without flapping my wings. Reaching a body weight of 3.5-4.5 kg, it glides at a speed of 150-190 km / h, and when a hare attacks, lisa, groundhog, or a young chamois, can reach speed 320 km/h. Its wingspan exceeds two meters. The golden eagle waits for its prey by soaring very high, and his perfect eyesight allows him to spot a field mouse from a height of a thousand meters. In the past, golden eagles nested even in low mountains, but driven away by man, they moved to less accessible heights.
Few golden eagles, who managed to survive, they are nesting in the Alps today, in the Carpathians, in Scandinavia, in the highlands of Scotland, The Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans. They also live in large parts of Asia, Africa and North America. After winter migrations, adults usually build several nests, which they use to rest or, to break up the prey. At the end of March and April, the female lays two eggs in a nest on a rock shelf or on a tree top.. After 40-45 days, the young hatch one after another. They leave the nest after about eighty days. They reach sexual maturity between the ages of four and six. Unfortunately only 1/6 young eagles reach this age.
Golden eagle it is one of the largest European birds of prey. Adult individual (1) it has dark chestnut plumage with golden reflections on the nape and the back of the head. The young have the same color, only the tail is white, edged with a black stripe, and on the lower surface of the wings a large one, white spot (2). The tip of the tail in an adult is slightly rounded. The golden eagle flies and soars horizontally spread (3), strong wings. The ailerons are spread apart and pointing up. The fingers are tipped with curved sharp claws, with which they catch and kill the prey (4); they never hold it in its beak. The exception is a bee-eater that grabs a wasp directly with its beak, their larvae and eggs.