German pattern, revised, entered in the FCI register under the number 147c (11. III. 1971 r.)
The Rottweiler is a very close cousin of Swiss Shepherd dogs, similar in appearance to them, disposition and utility. His homeland is southern Germany, and the breeding center is in Württemberg. It was there that, at the beginning of this century, purely purebred breeding was established. Outside of his homeland, he found lovers in Switzerland, in the Scandinavian countries, especially in Finland, and also in the USA. Lovers of this breed derive it from Roman fighting dogs, others of butcher's or herding dogs, or used by traders to escort cattle driven from the fair to the fair. The hypothesis about their descent from dogs, who accompanied the Roman legions as guardians of herds of cattle for slaughter for the army, seems right, because this type survived for centuries along the route of the Roman legions. The cynology took over the rottweilers at the beginning of this century.
They combine the advantages of fighting and herding dogs. They have both fearless courage and skill. They have a well-balanced temperament and they really deserve it. so that they enjoy greater popularity with us than before. Before the war, they were bred sporadically in the western provinces. They are similar in nature to other fighting dogs and require to be led by a balanced and experienced handler. They are not as easy to arrange as e.g.. German shepherds.
The disposition of the Rottweiler is naturally friendly, calm, he becomes attached to man, he is penalized and willing to work. He has outstanding learning abilities. He is balanced, reacts to stimuli calmly and expectantly. In the event of a threat, however, he immediately takes a defensive position, and gdy ono mija, the fighting mood subsides relatively quickly and the dog calms down. The Rottweiler likes water and is child-friendly.
The following character traits are desirable:
mobility and eagerness to do something medium attention high
medium to high dexterity
low to high mistrust
low to medium sharpness
as a companion dog
all the above-mentioned properties and very great courage.
very strong fighting instinct
very strong defensive instinct
as a guard dog
average excitability threshold
rush to spin medium
great rush to track
the loot instinct (willingness to retrieve) medium to high
Please take this into consideration, that these features and properties may occur in varying degrees of intensity and overlap or complement each other. However, they should be so developed, as required by the ability to work.
General impression. The combination of a powerful structure with noble elegance. A dog of more than average height with a harmonious build, powerful, but not sluggish, it cannot be too light, tall-legged or greyhound. A bit elongated silhouette, succinct, indicating a lot of strength, maneuverability and persistence. Natural behavior, confident, not nervous. A calm look; reacts very carefully to the environment. Fearless.
Head. The average length, wide between the ears. The line of the forehead seen in profile - moderately arched. The leading edge is clearly marked. Occipital crest well developed, however, not clearly prominent. Zygomatic arch and frontal edge well developed. The skin on the head fits tightly, but under tension, slight folds may form on the forehead. Desirable head without folds. F a f 1 e black, tight fitting, the corners of the lips tightened. The bridge of the nose is straight - not longer from the root to the edge of the nasal plate, than the distance between the poll and the leading edge. Wide at the base, moderately tapering, truffle well developed, rather wide than round, nostrils relatively large, always black. Teeth strong and complete (42 in order to), the upper incisors overlap with the mandibular incisors in a scissor manner.
Neck. Strongly built, mediocre length, muscular, well tied to the shoulder blades, slightly bent at the nape of the neck, dry, no visible skin folds or dewlap.
Torso. The chest is roomy, broad and deep with a well developed forechest, well sprung ribs. Straight back, powerful, resilient. Loins short, strong and deep. The weaknesses not tucked up; wide croup, the average length, neither smoothly rounded nor straight, nor severely truncated.
Front limbs. Long shoulder blade, well positioned, inclined approximately 45 ° to the horizontal; angle between shoulder blade and shoulder is approximately 115 °. The arm is placed tightly against the body, but not too tight. The forearm is well built and muscular. The wrist is slightly springy, strong, not too steep. Round paws, with the toes well closed and arched. Very strong soles. Nails dark, short and strong. The limbs, when viewed from all sides, are straight and not too narrow.