Sarna – Capreolus capreolus
Roe deer is the smallest in the deer family in Europe. Roe deer live in wooded areas, but in recent years there have been smaller or larger herds living in the fields. In the forest, deer live singly, while in the cultivated fields they gather in huddles (herds) sometimes counting 100 individuals. Roe deer leave the forests as a result of the increasing presence of tourists, and the herd way of living in open spaces guarantees them greater safety. Roe deer is found almost everywhere in Europe, lives in the cold regions of Asia and China, from where it goes to Korea. She is often found in Iran, Iraq and Asia Minor. In some countries, e.g.. in the Federal Republic of Germany, it is very numerous: it is shot there every year 600 000 saren. The value of their skins and meat is estimated at 60 million marks.
The biggest representatives saren live in Central Asia, their size increases there both to the east and to the west of their zone of distribution. In Western Europe, deer weigh 15-30 kg, while in Siberia almost twice as much. European males have 1 m in length and 70-80 cm high at the withers. The shape of their body, with longer hind legs, it is adapted to living in a thicket. The heat from mid-July to mid-August is much less brutal than that of European or Virginia deer. Due to the delayed implantation of the embryo, pregnancy continues 42 weeks. In May or June, the goat gives birth to one or two kids. In the fall, heat may reappear, then the pregnancy is shorter.
Summer dress sarny (1) it is brownish red, parostki (antlers) at the goat they are short, mostly of the second head type. From October to December, the goats walk without antlers. The goat does not wear antlers, the kid has white spots (2). In winter, antlers are covered with scrub (skin with blood and innervation), and the dress of adults is brown-gray (3).
In deer, old males shed their antlers first and mate first. Earlier, they also plant antlers from the young. Old goats drop their antlers in October and the process of planting new ones begins immediately. Scipul disappears in April or May.
The cycle of young goats has been delayed since 2 do 6 weeks.
According to age, a spike is distinguished, second, third, the fourth and fifth head, which are very rare and in which the number of legs does not increase.
On the goats, goats and kids are hunted at different times, individually and collectively. Game species.