"Search” we call the act of it, that the dog runs across the field in front of the handler in curves from left to right and vice versa. The guide moves diagonally or in a straight line, parallel and approximately in the middle between the lateral boundaries of the designated field.
Spinning is all the better, the more the dog penetrates the field with hairs, avoiding loops and relapses, during which he could miss a place, where game or lost might be.
Depending on the breed of the dog and the nature of the task, the work required is "top"” or "lower” the wind.
This exercise is not an end in itself, but it prepares the dog to search for game better, lost, criminals or suspects. Spinning in the field, where nothing can be found, I consider it pointless. Because searching is combined with searching, you should never use any unpleasant stimuli while learning. Seeking can only be the result of stimulating the prey-hunting instinct, any compulsion is depressing, and thus suppresses the instinctive reflex.
As a curiosum I give the exercise of revolutions, which was done this way, that the dog was walking on a long line - a low voltage cable. The guide annoyed the dog by switching on the electric current momentarily, when the dog deviated from the right direction, and he turned off the electricity, when the direction was kept. Undoubtedly, the dog trained in such a way ran the field in perfectly even curves and seemed to be perfectly spinning, but he was definitely in such a mental depression, that he could not be predisposed to fulfill the main task, to whom the search is to serve.
Searching can only be learned then, when the dog is completely penalized, has a passion for looking for loss and runs freely on command. The first exercises are carried out in a meadow or field, where some items have been hidden in places well known to the guide (depending on the dog's specialty - game or "lost”).
Entering the field, we give the signal "forward!” -- "search!” in combination with a whistle sound or a slogan, e.g.. Rewir”. At the same time, we go diagonally at an accelerated pace to the right, with our right hand extended, towards the hidden object. The dog will probably run forward and retrieve it, which we pick up according to the established rules and praise the pupil. A moment later we repeat the signal, but changing direction; now the maneuver is to the left, with his left hand outstretched. And so on alternately, that the dog walks in the indicated direction to the right once, once to the left. The distances between the in-kind contributions should be increasing.
The signal "district” gives a special whistle, different from other signals, thanks to which in the dog the association of sound with the subsequent stretching of the master's hand is strengthened. Need caution, that the dog does not take this signal as a recall. So now, when the dog looks at us and turns in the right direction without coming back, we praise him. We do not react with punishments or harsh "fe”, but another gentle negation, e.g.. "no!”, and we run with our hand outstretched towards the hidden object, repeating the previous signal. After several tries, the dog performs the task flawlessly.
Before starting the exercise with a hunting dog, we recommend that the assistant explore the entire area and place the prepared dead game in the agreed places., and at the same time scare away live game. The handler should not hunt in the presence of a dog, when she teaches him to spin. There is always a high probability in the fishery, that the dog will sense the shot game with its nose beforehand, than you show him, or worse, he will be more interested in live game, unnoticed by you, than being able to find a dead one. Therefore, when learning, the guide must anticipate this eventuality in advance and eliminate all surprises, and concentrate your own attention only on the dog's work and its possible correction. The hunt itself and its results must be subordinated to this goal. This is the only way to prepare the dog well for the future tasks of the hunter's assistant. However, in a dog, even the best prepared in a specialty, the acquired reflexes quickly fade away, if there is no frequent opportunity to record them.