What is actually required of the pointer is contrary to its nature. It demands, to expose game, i.e.. it stopped in a ready stance and did not attack. The situation is different with the scarecrow, whose work is based on the instinct to search for game for a hunting companion of the pack at the same time.
Exploration is about this, that the dog was within the range of the shot, so close in front of the hunter, searches thickets or potatoes and scares the game away, chasing her for a short distance. If we use a multi-purpose pointer to explore, it will also be exhibited in the bushes. You can then, similar to the field, scare the game yourself or by giving the dog the slogan "move!” make him startle. Do this exercise with a pointer only in the second or third field, when the dog has fully mastered the work by half. In any case, the pointer should not 'move” without an order from the lord.
Flushing dogs do not, as a rule, display. However, if there is one, who "marks” game with a short stand-up collar, he should be praised and encouraged for this, to calmly "get", and after a while, just give the password "go!”. The influence of the guide is usually limited to this, to keep the dog "in my hand", i.e.. so as not to allow him to too far - beyond the range of the shot - to seek and chase prey and to get him used to crouching in every place on orders or shots.
This task is so in keeping with the dog's character, that every flipper (spaniel, dachshund or most terriers) I catch them in flight. You just have to, that he would have the opportunity to practice frequently in the revier, where there is enough game, and thus gained confidence, that the result of the search is to find common prey.
After the shot, the dog should crouch or at least stop or return to its master (depending on constant requirements) and on command (not earlier!) bring a gunshot (possibly after working out a trace). The flushing dog should use downwind and not work too fast. It does not mean, however, that he should rummage in every furrow, sniffing out all the old tracks or abandoned lairs. A dog with a good sense of smell will soon learn to distinguish old marks from fresh ones.
The dog should generally work quietly when roaming, but it is acceptable, and even desirable in the undercoat, that when he saw the game he moved, he would “give a voice”. However, this must not be allowed to happen, to chase the prey with a voice like a hound in a long chase. The flush-hound is a type of hunting, which gives the average hunter the most satisfaction, because it can take place in any terrain and at any time with a dog that does not require such precise positioning as a pointer.
Of the hunting dogs, the spaniel, with its qualities a lovable companion and a good hunting dog, having average height (convenient for travel), it should be much more popular with hunters, especially non-professionals. I know excellent breeders abroad, who only use pointers to hunt partridges, and the spaniel is kept as a universal companion for everyday hunting and for all game. Of course, the spaniel must be given the opportunity to exercise frequently.
Searching is basically based on the same instincts as browsing, with the only difference, how much the handler cooperates with and guides the dog during the raiding, it leaves the dog almost completely free to rummage and expects to work independently. The dog is expected to rummage in the bushes and thickets, where the hunter may not enter at all, or there is no shot due to unclear terrain. A dog is sent to such places, so that he carefully searched for the game hidden there and, barking, drove it to the hunter's shot. You can require, for the dog to search in different ways. But you cannot teach him these different ways at the same time, but decide on one of them.