Pattern entered in the FCI register under the number 142 (9. XI. 1966 r.)
Sharpness and vigilance gave it its name, because the Slovak "keep watch."” it means to listen and hence the "Tatra Chuvach"”. It has long been used as a shepherd dog at shelters in mountain pastures and as a guardian of property and farmyard. He is infinitely faithful and devoted, always ready to withstand any pest, not excluding the bear and the wolf.
The standard reported to the FCI includes an extensive section on the origins of the cuvette. Because this problem has become the subject of disputes between cynologists and not only cynologists of the three countries, and I am quoting this part of this pattern.
The white mountain dog breed group is descended from arctic-type wolves, whose relics have been preserved from the preglacial times in the mountain area so far, how the limits of glaciation reached. These are the northern slopes of the Caucasus, Balkans, in particular the Rhodope Mountains, Karpat i Alp, and also the Pyrenees. In these cooler and humid regions, the described type of dog is also accompanied by relict flora and fauna, whose further habitat was found by the Swedish scientist Wohlenberg while still in Scandinavia. Similar associations with northern domestic animals can be found e.g.. in the area of the Tatra Mountains and the Carpathians at Hucul ponies, whose closest relative is the Gudbrandsdalski horse - similarly to the chug, whose northern counterpart is the Pomeranian Mountain Dog, etc.. Slovak pasture farms in the pastures have ancient traditions. Tatra Chuvash with mountain sheep, with a Hucul horse and typical highlanders, they created characteristic elements of pasture management in the pastures.
As a good watchman, defender and companion, and the herd herdsman gained great recognition in herding cattle, sheep, turkeys
and other domestic animals, and also in guarding his master's farm. Also visiting guests, people who came to the huts for cheese and życzyca, they liked the fluffy puppies of Tatra chuvahs and often bought them and took them to the lowlands, where they were kept because of their extraordinary beauty.
On the Polish side, where a similar breed of dogs is bred, particularly strong specimens are called "lip-bugs."” because of their origin from Liptovská, i.e.. Slovak part of the Tatra Mountains. This is also where the topographic focus of breeding the white Tatra Shepherd dog was established.
The breeding books of the Tatra Chuvach in Czechoslovakia were established more than 30 years ago by prof.. Antoni Hruze at the University of Veterinary in Brno. The starting material for breeding came from the vicinity of the Liptovská Luźna settlements, Kokova and Vychodna in the Tatras and from the vicinity of Rachov in the Carpathians. The first breeding was named ,,From the Golden Well ”and was founded in Svitavy in Brno. Carpathian breeding was called “Z Hoyerly”.
Since then, the Tatra Chuvash Breeders Club based in Bratislava has been keeping accurate records and organizing exhibitions, reviews, competitions and shows throughout the Republic. Other original lines come not only from the Slovak Tatras, but also from Zakopane.
The dominant feature of this breed is the black end of the mouth, and receding - brown in combination with lighter eyes. As a result of crossing these varieties, certain differences in the shade of the eye pigmentation color appear, eyebrows, snout, lip and mucosa. By strict selection carried out by judges and breeding activists, one aims at the type required by the standard and its stabilization.
Good marks at international exhibitions prove the good level of breeding of the Tatra chuvah (Prague, Brno, Liberec, Bratislava, Lipsk i in.) and it is in very strong competition.
General appearance. The breed features of the Tatra Chuvah result in a mountain dog with a strong structure, stately posture, with thick white fur. It has a strong bones, lively temperament, he is vigilant, fearless and quick-witted. For centuries it has been adapted to high mountain conditions. The Tatra Chuvash is inscribed in a rectangle that is well filled with the torso of the strong, fairly tall legs.
So that it can be distinguished also at night, according to the ancient pastoral tradition, it is always kept in a white robe.
Head. The skull is strong, longitudinal, wide, broad forehead with a shallow forehead furrow, running backwards. Proportional supraocular arches, descending to the sides. The parietal part is flat, the back clearly demarcated from the strong one, a smoothly defined nape. The profile of the head is slightly arched towards the front in relation to the bridge of the nose. The leading edge is mediocre. The nose is even in profile and fairly wide about half way down the head, moderately tapering towards the front. Dying silna, the average length, with a blunt end, black (especially in summer). Medium thickness lips, adherent, with compact corners. Black mucosa, the rim of the mouth is black. Black palate. The dentition is correct, complete, with a scissor bite, strong jaws. Dark brown eyes, with a sharp expression, oval, evenly located, rims of the eyelids black, the dark mucosa in the inner corners gives expression to the eyes. Ears set high, mobile at the base, rather close to the head, V-shaped. The hair is short from the middle of the ear towards the tip. At rest, the ear with a rounded edge reaches the level of the muzzle.