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SZARPLANINAC

SZARPLANINAC

Standard revised, FCI register number 41 a z 24. XI. 1970 r.

The Yugoslav Shepherd Dog has been bred since time immemorial in the mountain regions of Southeast Yugoslavia. Today, however, it is bred there all over the country; initially it was called Illyrian ovcar. Presumably, he came from Asia to Europe during the prehistoric migration of peoples. The original type was preserved in the regions of extensive cattle breeding as a guardian and protector of the herd against predators.

General impression and character. A dog with a strong bone, above average height, proportionally built. The impression of a strong build is increased even more by an abundant coat. Satisfied temperament, good character, brave defender, but not biting. Devoted to his master and not corrupt.

Head. The head in the right proportion to the whole. Its length is approx 25 cm, which is 40% height at the withers. The cerebral part is slightly longer than the muzzle (in bitches the muzzle is slightly longer). The skull cover is slightly arched. The bridge of the nose is straight. Convergent profile lines. The cerebral part is capacious, with a slightly marked furrow. Viewed from the side and from above, slightly arched, but not convex. The leading edge is barely marked. The muzzle is shorter than the cerebral part, strong and deep and at the root, tapers gradually and gently. Nose big and black. Medium thick and pendulous lips, the upper one slightly overlaps the lower one, compact corners. Complete dentition, scissor bite. Almond-shaped eyes, not too big or concave. Dark- or light chestnut, with a calm expression, but penetrating, never timid. The eyelids and mucous membranes are visible, dark pigmented. Ears: Set on or below the line between the tip of the nose and the inner corner of the eye. Saggy, falling flat on the cheeks, in the shape of "V”, the average length, if you stretch them slightly, they reach the inner corner of the eye. Covered with short and thick hair.

Neck. Its upper line is slightly bent or straight, lower straight. The average length ,but due to its long and dense hair, it seems shorter. Wide, deep and muscular, well tied to the head and body, with no marked transition. Slightly raised above the back line. The skin is taut and without folds. Hair abundant, long and rough, it forms a clearly marked collar at the base of the head, which apparently increases the width and depth of this part of the head.

Torso. Backline horizontal or slightly sloping back. In dogs raised in the mountains, a greater height at the rump than at the withers is tolerated, which, however, is not desirable. The length of the body is slightly greater than the height at the withers. Withers slightly pronounced and strong, the place of connection with the neck is hardly visible. Deep chest, reaching the elbow, the average length. Chest broad and muscular. Chest circumference by at least 20% greater than the height at the withers. Straight and broad back, not very long. Lumbar part rather short, broad and muscular. Croup of medium length. Belly tucked up and muscular. Its lower line rises gently towards the rear. The flanks are quite short, with a marked concave.

Front limbs. Vertically positioned, proporcjonalne do tułowia. Elbows equal height 55% height at the withers. Shoulders quite long and broad, set firmly on the body. Slightly oblique, positioned horizontally at an angle of 65 °. The arm is more oblique, at an angle of 55 ° to the horizontal. Elbow angle 145 °. Well set elbow, very little weaned from the ribs. Forearm vertical, with strong bones and muscles, long, decorated with a feather. Strong wrist, thick and slightly defined. Pasterns slightly oblique, wide and strong. Oval feet, toes arched and tight. Black nails. Strong plantar pads, but flexible, black.