Walking on a rope – leash.
A puppy that is too young should not be taken on the line at all. This exercise may not be started sooner than after 3 or 4 months, and then you have to be understanding for a long time. However, when teaching an older dog, you can immediately pick up a sharper pace and be more demanding. Walking on a rope is in itself an activity that is unpleasant for a dog, because it restricts his natural freedom of movement. Therefore, the main emphasis should be placed on this when learning, so that he would not develop a conviction, that taking the rope promises a number of unpleasantness. If such an association arose in the dog, we would only achieve this much, that he might have followed his master correctly, but in the attitude of a victim following the torturer, or he would run away at the mere sight of the line. Our goal is, that the dog walks with the master like a willing companion.
Initially, we start exercising with a young pooch on a relatively long line. Pies, who had the line installed for the first time, behaves timidly or reluctantly. He can show two emotional states: or intimidation, manifested in the desire to lag behind, and even lying on the ground, or (less often) excess temperament, manifested by pulling forward. Depending on this, which condition prevails at all or at the moment, we use appropriate response measures.
As a rule, the dog should walk alongside the master's left leg. If any special considerations speak for it, to walk on the right, it can be taught, but even then consistently and constantly watch only the right side. During the first exercises, when the dog shows depression, or is it passive resistance, no force should be applied.
The slogan "with me” „Noga” we move from the spot and try to gently pull the dog with us. Usually the dog will try to stay in place or run to the side or back. Then it should not be pulled by force, but do everything, to get rid of despondency: We speak to him, we repeat our chosen slogan, with all possible encouragement - in a gentle voice, caressing, tapping your hand against your own thigh or luring with treats. For now, that's about it, that the pupil would go with us without fear, the form will improve later, when his depression is over.
The first exercises shouldn't take long, otherwise the young dog will quickly become bored and discouraged. When he gets used to the line and no longer shows any fear, gradually shorten the line and after some time we start learning to walk properly.
According to the rules of the old trainers, the dog was supposed to follow you anyway, that his nose is in line with the handler's knee or calf. Recently, there has been a growing trend towards this, let the dog walk by, his right shoulder blade was attached to the master's left leg. This attitude is more aesthetically pleasing in my opinion, and besides, it has this positive side as well, that it allows you to keep your dog constantly in the field of view, especially if you are dealing with a point or "protector”, which allows you to observe and possibly benefit from its warnings, when he "notices something” nose. That's why I put so much emphasis on it, that the dog, while learning to walk, is free from any depressing influences and that in the future it can receive all impressions from the outside world using its senses freely. On the other hand, a terrorized dog, who follows his master like the proverbial calf behind a butcher, he will definitely not be observant. I also advise against an amateur raising a young dog (even of a large breed) handling corals, with a spike or a choke collar. When arranging an adult and strong dog with an excessive temperament, a spiked collar will often turn out to be needed, but I advise you to use it only when absolutely necessary. You do not have to drag your dog along with you, least of all on spikes.