Hunting is closely related to the protection and breeding of game. Their results prove the effectiveness of year-round protective treatments. There are many ways of hunting. They depend on the type of game, Seasons, time of day and terrain. They are hunted individually or collectively, usually using firearms and using traps.
Small game is hunted collectively. Depending on the terrain, cauldrons are hunted, bench or with a fight. Guards or beaters (helpers without hunting weapons) they carry shot game. In the first case, the hunters and beaters form a large circle and slowly approach the center of the terrain. In the second case, the hunters form a line and move together through the field or through the forest.
Shotguns are used for hunting small game, because you are shooting at a small moving target. Because a two-barrel weapon is used, which are fired with cartridges containing pellets, its beam more effectively reaches the running small prey.
Some small game species can be hunted individually (crests, woodcocks, goose, wild rabbits, predators). The hunter takes his place in hiding and waits for the right moment to approach the game, so as not to scare her away (ambush hunting or stalking). A lone hunter can also hunt big game, such as deer. He sits down on the pulpit - a small structure made of wood, open at the top or with a roof, from where he can closely observe the area. The advantage of the pulpit is this, that it gives the hunter the opportunity to observe the game and the slow choice of the target. Stalking hunting is much more difficult. The hunter moves slowly and quietly in the field, trying to get as close to the game as possible. In the period of deer rutting and roe deer estrus, hunting while sitting or stalking, decoys can be used. The hunter tries to lure a bull or a goat within range of the weapon by imitating the voice of a doe or goat or the voice of a rival. The lure can also be used while hunting for other species of game, imitating the voice of a given species (grzywacz) or the voice of the victim (prince hare to lure the fox).
Rifles are used for hunting big game and, in exceptional cases, for small game. The rifle is fired with cartridges, the missiles of which consist of a lead core with a copper cladding. Shoots a standing animal. Shooting game lying down is a violation of hunting ethics. During a hunter, the game is also shot at the moving game (e.g.. wild boar hunting). Hunters circle the forest, and the beaters comb him, trying to direct the animals at the hunters. When hunting for wild boar, you can successfully use specially arranged dogs, e.g.. gryfonami *.
Large-caliber weapons are used for hunting big game, the smaller one is used for hunting small game (lis). Rifles have a long range, yes, that you can shoot the animal from a distance 200 m, while with the shotgun you can make an effective shot on 40 m. There are weapons available on the market with at least one bullet and one shot barrel, so the hunter can use it depending on the type of hunting.
Hammer hunt for small game takes place during the day, while hunting or stalking early in the morning (duck, goose, black grouse), or in the evening (duck, goose). Big game is also hunted at dawn or at dusk.
The use of traps is a hunting technique that allows the capture of live animals. For this purpose, appropriate tools and devices are required. The captured game is settled in other areas or exported to other countries. Small carnivores and muskrats take hold for their magnificent fur, wild rabbits for perfect meat.
For catching partridges and pheasants, nets several dozen meters long and in height are used 6 m. The rabbits are caught in the barrage of the net, into which they fall while running away from beaters grouped in a semicircle. For catching pheasants, nets stretched on wooden frames with a high support are also used 75 cm, which are placed near the ballast. The hunter, hidden in a special booth, removes the support by pulling the rope, and the frame falls on the feeding birds. Strong wood pens are built to catch big game (the so-called. trough), which animals enter through an entrance with a flap closing device. Inside is karma. The mechanism closing the entrance is activated from a distance by the hunter supervising the action from the pulpit or the closing is automatic. The animals are then transferred to transport cages. Small fur animals are caught in various types of traps, inside which the bait is placed, specially selected depending on the species of game. The use of iron traps is prohibited in most countries, because they can inflict pain and hurt animals.
The success of the hunt depends on the degree of knowledge of the tracks and tracks (excrement, pellets, etc.). Such knowledge is of particular importance, when hunting ungulates and carnivores. A good hunt is unthinkable without a valuable helper, what a hunting dog is. The development of hunting techniques was always accompanied by the breeding of hunting dogs suited to the needs. Dog breeds were selected for specific work in a given area. So you can classify hunting dogs according to their performance. The rough-haired and long-haired dogs of the English and French breeds can be used in any terrain, and even to work in the water. Trackers scare the game away, they follow the trail and retrieve. Pointers, as opposed to the hounds, they are medium-sized and small. Setters belong to this group, spaniele i cockery. They are perfect for scaring the game away, tracking and working in water. Pointers are used to hunt wild boars, which chasten hunters alone or in packs of game, even on rough terrain. Dachshunds and bassets are used as lows, which slide into fox burrows, to drive them out of there, but they can also track in the field or work on water. Fox terriers, Irish Terriers and German Hunting Terriers are also excellent at burrowing. They are also distinguished by unusual aggressiveness when attacking.
Breeding hunting dogs requires perfect knowledge of each breed to know, how to deal with each of them, how to arrange and highlight its natural advantages. A good hunting dog needs to be perfectly disciplined, respond immediately to commands and be effective in the field. Laying dogs takes a long time and requires a lot of patience. So that the dog can be considered a good stud and good hunting dog, must attend dog shows, where its physical properties are assessed. Then he has to pass the exam (field trials), thanks to which its suitability for hunting will be determined. Only hunters and cynologists know, how much work and dedication it takes to arrange a hunting dog, which is compensated by subsequent satisfaction, when efforts are successful.
After hunting, hunters should take care of them immediately, so that the meat does not spoil. Small game is hung on poles, to cool it down and ventilate it. Big game is gutted on the spot.
Certain parts of the game are considered trophies and are legally owned by this lucky nimrod, who took the game. In the case of ungulates, these are antlers and horns (deer, muflon), or some teeth (deer, boar). Carnivorous or ungulate skins can be preserved (bear, boar). Hunters also take feathers of ducks and snipe, and also prepare specimens that are particularly rare and beautiful (capercaillie, black grouse).
After the end of the season, trophy exhibitions are organized in some countries, then assessed by a special commission. It shows antlers and horns with skulls, obviously well cleaned of meat tissue. This work is performed personally by a hunter or a qualified preparer.