XOLOITZCUINTLE (Naked Mexican)
Pattern entered in the FCI register under the number 234 (6. XI. 1964 r.)
Exotic breed, rarely seen, but once bred with us in Bydgoszcz. Hairless.
Before the Spaniards took over Mexico, Indian tribes considered the meat of these dogs a delicacy, and for this purpose these animals were kept. At the same time, they were considered to represent the god Xolotl, which was believed to guide the souls of the dead towards their destiny. In the state of Colima, ceramic figurines of dogs from those times have been preserved, discovered recently, in the graves. The rural people of Mexico still believe today, that keeping your dog naked at home protects you from many diseases (from the common cold to asthma, and even malaria) and heals them. People of the older generation take these dogs to bed constantly. A naked dog's high body temperature can sometimes prevent some suffering, which undoubtedly explains this folk faith.
General impression. The dog is somewhat similar in body and posture to a large Menczester terrier. Almost slim silhouette, with a harmonious appearance, grateful in movements and about being proportionate, slim limbs.
Head. Rather wide, with a long tapered muzzle, longer than the cerebral part of the head. The snout is almost an extension of the forehead line. The frontal edge and the superficial arch is barely marked. Expressive ears, elegant and large, lengths approximately to 4 cm, thin, delicate construction, resembling bat ears. Rather on the sides of the head. In a lively dog, positioned stiffly and obliquely at an angle of 50-80 ° to the base. Medium-sized eyes, not too close together and not too wide apart, not sunken and not protruding, slightly almond shape. Color from yellow to black; desirable dark, both of the same color. Intelligent look, expressing the alertness and disposition of the animal. Dark eye frame, in dogs with poor pigmentation, the face may be pink or almost pink. Dark nose in dark specimens, either pink or brown in specimens with less pigmentation. Lips as close as possible to the gums and teeth. No sagging. Scissor bite. Absence of all premolars or one or more incisors is tolerated, but preference is given to specimens with complete incisors.
Neck. Carried high, proportionately long, pliable, gently curved, graceful as in an antelope, no folds and no excess skin.
Torso. Deep chest, relatively narrow, reaching down to the elbows. Forechest well developed, but not restricting the movement of the forelimbs. The belly is muscular, but evenly tucked up. Straight back, albeit flexible, with a clearly rounded croup. Carp undesirable. The torso is rather long in relation to its height.
Limbs. Straight and well-proportioned when viewed from the front and rear; long enough for the size of the dog. Elbows not sticking out. The angle between the shoulder blades and the shoulder is 45 °. Strong build, muscular. Hare paws” with tight fingers. Nails black on dark specimens, light in individuals with an unpigmented foot.
Tail. Low seated, plain, rather long, tapering towards a thin tip, reaching at least to the ankle joint, when it is abandoned.
Robe. The skin is smooth and delicate to the touch, especially in less exposed to the sun. Random scars and scars do not affect the judgment, because the skin of these dogs is generally very sensitive. To the touch of warmth, as normal body temperature is 40 °, which is the most distinctive feature of this breed. Moreover, the dog is sweating, especially in the lower parts of the body and consequently has to hang out or pant less often than other dogs. The hair only forms a head of short hair, coarse and sparse hair on the head. There is also a tuft of similar hair at the end of the tail, but insignificant, not changing his profile. The complete absence of hair is not a disadvantage.
Ointment. Solid dark brown, grey, gray-black or black, although animals with pink (unpigmented) or brown spots are tolerated, but the lack of pigmentation at a larger size is undesirable. The hair on the head and tail of dark animals is black, in lighter specimens of any color harmonizing with the whole.
Increase. Minimum 30 cm. Currently, they have the best specimens 50 cm high at the withers.
Chody. Sliding and elegant.
Non-Disqualifying Defects. Cowardly wearing ears, not quite upright. Hair occurrence anywhere other than that predicted by the pattern. Excessive lack of pigment. Skin excessively loose, forming folds. Dewclaws.
Disqualifying Defects. Pendulous ears (jak u ogara) or cropped. Tail clipped or broken. Albinizm. Cryptorchidism one thing- or both sides. Undershot, overshot bite.
Comments. The adult individual tends to be rather calm and reserved; only barking or growling when provoked, which does not mean, however, to be cowardly or gloomy, on the contrary, he should be cheerful and quick-witted, although at the same time balanced and not aggressive. Small puppies have a short nose and short limbs; for some time they can be noisy and more distrustful than adults. They do not yet match the benchmark and cannot be evaluated pending, until they are fully developed.
Apart from this breed, officially recognized and entered into the FCI register, there are also other naked dogs, a to abisyńskie, African, as well as the Chinese FCI 288. The latter appeared in West Germany, arousing a sensation with its filigree build and pleasant way of being a cozy female doggy.